Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, generally takes years to set in. Because of its gradual appearance, in the early stages, it might be harder to notice than some of our patients might expect. There are several stages of gum disease of increasing severity.
The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. It is the only stage of periodontal disease that is reversible, so it is critical to act against gingivitis right away to prevent it from becoming periodontitis. The gums are red, swollen and puffy, but they may or may not hurt at the early stages of gingivitis.
As the bacteria builds up, it produces plaque and other waste that clings to teeth, keeping the gums from forming a healthy seal against the enamel. This makes it easier for bacteria to get below the gum line, further increasing plaque build-up, causing inflammation and damage to the gums that will cause them to start to recede.
At this stage, the pockets forming around the teeth deepen more with the additional jaw bone and gum loss. It is significantly easier for food particles and bacteria to make it into the gumline. At this stage, tooth loss becomes a real risk, and while the damage is not reversible, the underlying issues can still be treated, and other dental solutions can be implemented to help repair the patient's smile.
Gum Disease Treatment Annapolis, MD
Are you looking to get up to date on your dental visits or currently seeking treatment for gum disease in the greater Annapolis area? Contact us to schedule an in-depth examination.